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Ayy Lmao Anonymous 09/19/2020 (Sat) 19:16:06 No. 4229 [Reply] [Last]
>They found that phosphine on Venus is a minor gas, existing at a concentration of about 20 out of every billion molecules in the atmosphere. >“We really went through all possible pathways that could produce phosphine on a rocky planet,” Dr. Petkowski said. >“If this is not life, then our understanding of rocky planets is severely lacking.” http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/phosphine-atmosphere-venus-08847.html
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>>4265 Learn how space cameras work. They are coloured but in the same way earth cameras are. Each "black and white image" is an image capturing a certain spectrum of light, or colour. Multiple images of the same scene are taken with multiple colour cameras, and those images can be compunded into a full colour image.
>>4301 Meant to say "but not in the same way earth cameras are".
>>4299 Why? The probe is still there as a visible pile of scrap up there. Plus taking and then uploading a few Mb of image is not that hard.
>>4299 so was your mom
>>4298 Imagine if the USSR lasted long enough to send probes to the outer solar system

Reading Comrade 04/10/2020 (Fri) 07:54:55 No. 701 [Reply] [Last]
How do you read? I am sick of looking at my laptop to read these huge pdfs, there must be a better way that doesn't burn my retinas and destroy my posture! E-readers? Libraries? Just buying every book that you wish to read? Please share your ideas, also reading based pics.
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I'm a much faster reader using a big screen than with pocket-sized ereaders. You kids know nothing of pain. I used to read whole books on a shitty CRT… >>4216 >I bought a remarkable e-ink tablet That's what I need! Name of the thing?
>>4218 lol, the name is 'remarkable'. sorry for the confusion, I don't usually use the word 'remarkable'. https://remarkable.com/ A friend that was learning classic Chinese scripture recommended it to me. I mostly use it for highlighting shit from pdfs. Sometimes I make notes on random subjects.
>>4221 Forgot to add, if you click shop, you can buy the old version if you want it now. I think they said the new version is shipping in October, but I wasn't going to wait so long.
>>752 Smart
>>752 Should have bought The Road to Serfdom as well. But then you'd probably receive a job application from the feds for organizing fascist militias in leftist countries.

Historian 03/27/2020 (Fri) 09:19:41 No. 79 [Reply] [Last]
ITT people who were worse than Hitler
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The Burger
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>>4206 been to his house. cringe taste tbh
>>1379 I don’t even know what to say tbh. This is the og “antifa are the real fascist” mental gymnastics.

Definition of Fascism Comrade 09/13/2020 (Sun) 12:43:13 No. 4074 [Reply] [Last]
There is a lot of confusion on what fascism is and what it means. So I think It may be useful to clear things out by making a little general so it can be properly defined and pointed out. I will start by laying some popular questions about it: -What is Fascism? (or who best defined it) -What is function of Fascism? -Is Trump fascist? (if not, why and where he stands instead) -What (if it exist) is Post-modern Fascism (/leftypol/s sugarboy Prolekult talked about it) -Are there Fascist still around/what would take them for to rise up again? -Does QAnon have any Fascist pararels? -Some post-1945 historical examples of Fascism. -Economics of Fascism. -Flavours of Fascism (based on different material conditions, nations etc.). -Fascist relations to Imperialism, can Fascist country be Imperialist?
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-Fascism is capitalism that tries to snuff out class struggle by killing communists and promoting "class collaboration" aka porky fucks the proles over and they don't fight back. -Some examples post 1945 would be maybe Spain, Chile, South Korea and Taiwan. -Economics. It depends but there's always mass privatization, big public works projects and promoted self reliance. High military spending too obviously. -Yes fascist countries can be imperialist, undoubtedly. See Italian invasion of Ethiopia or WwII for proof.
>>4097 Other than kinda disagreeing with your post as a whole, I have to ask why use the term reactionary anarchism? I don't see how that has any relation to anarchism as a concept whatsoever, in any form. The only fascists that could be called reactionary anarchist would be those inspired by Mason's Siege, such as Atomwaffen, who see Hitler as proof that state based fascism is unworkable.
>>4174 >The only fascists that could be called reactionary anarchist would be those inspired by Mason's Siege, such as Atomwaffen Precisely. I call it reactionary anarchism because it is specifically these kinds of groups (as well as groups like ISIS or Soviet-Afghan war era Taliban) that are the purest strain of it. As I said, in my view Nazi Germany is at best a hybrid. In the end it was a porky project and the NSDAP schizos just were the stooges for it. Also they undeniably had some socialist influence in their party politics, so even NSDAP on its own wasn't purest reaction. >Other than kinda disagreeing with your post as a whole Could you elaborate why?
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>What is Fascism? (or who best defined it) Fascism is a system of government characterized by: 1) rigid one-party dictatorship 2) forcible suppression of opposition 3) private economic enterprise under centralized government control 4) belligerent nationalism 5) racism 6) militarism >Some post-1945 historical examples of Fascism. USA. <Rigid one-party dictatorship? Check. (Republicans and Democrats are the same party: the party of Capital. They only present the illusion of being opposed to each other as theatre for the masses.) <forcible suppression of opposition? Check. (Ludlow massacre of 1914, 1943 massacre of Black protestors in Detroit, MOVE bombing, COINTELPRO, police brutalization of the Seattle and L.A. protests against W.T.O. globalization in 1999, etc.) <private economic enterprise under centralized government control?

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>>4192 This should be updated to say "rigid one-party/anocratic dictatorship" so it includes the two-party dictatorship of the usa

Please waste no time on Hegel! Comrade 09/16/2020 (Wed) 06:14:30 No. 4171 [Reply] [Last]
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>>4198 This is embarrassing and reddit-tier, it's like he's deliberately trying to make materialism look extremely autistic. The problem is not that he reduces everything to matter, which is great, but that he reduces matter itself to the extremely limited pop-science conceptions. In other words he's selling materialism short. Unironically, reading Hegel is exactly the thing that would have helped him.
>>4198 I had no idea that Taimur Rahman had made a video on Hegel. I also had no idea that Taimur followed Cockshott's work. Not to aggrandize, but the leftypol community has been instrumental in putting Cockshott's work in the limelight and popularizing it (however mildly) on the internet left. On the topic of Cockshott's response, there are so many glaring errors, I don't even know where to start. Again, do keep in mind that I have a cursory understanding of Hegel, so a lot of these ideas come from shallow reading of secondary sources. >These ideas are not relied upon by any of the contemporary sciences. This is scientism. It is basically ignoring philosophy of science, which is very important and is one of the things that is gravely missing from modern science. And Hegel absolutely BTFOs science as a totalizing venture of specific fields precisely because they take as supposition the limits of their study. They must isolate un-isolatable phenomena in order to study them, and hence are forever doomed to not get a complete picture. And, further, science is philosophy's bitch, science's foundation depends on philosophy, not the other way around. >Logic can only occur where matter is so configured as to perform logical operations, conjunctions, disjunctions negations etc. I'm not sure I agree with this characterization. It is a weird one that IMO characterizes logic as a physical process, rather than a system that exists in different contexts. What I mean is that if true, then it can also be said that physics doesn't exist in nature, it can only occur where matter is configured to perform physics. Which is true to some extent, but also doesn't really explain what physics is, and makes this weird characterization of physics just being a mental masturbation with no relation to reality. >But that is because it is advantageous to the evolutionary survival of organisms to be able to react to their environment This is some teleology of evolution or some shit. It is ironic that he says "No biologist thinks that there are essences" then says something that implies an essence moving evolution forward. I really dislike this interpretation of evolutionary biology. He just says this as this were a scientific fact. Again, philosophy of science comes to view as crucially important. I might be stretching what he really thinks, but I see this "essence" of evolution all the time in reddit-tier pop-sci explanations of evolution. As if the species had a meta-mind that chooses what is advantageous. It also ignores completely that a stupid jellyfish or mushrooms, or even diatoms are just as "evolved" as a human. Where is this "advantageous" logic in mushrooms? >A more sophisticated understanding would be in terms of matrix multiplication rather than simple logic. Here he is committing the same mistake he says he is wary to avoid. Matrix multiplication as such is a human endeavor. He is projecting a purely mathematical structure onto an organism that is unaware of formal mathematics. Which he then follows up with

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>>4207 >the leftypol community has been instrumental in putting Cockshott's work in the limelight Don't be silly. Look up when TANS was written. Look up when the translations of TANS were made. That was all long before 8chan. Cockshott has made acquaintances in Germany, China etc. over the decades and we got nothing to do with that. The guys at Monthly Review who are publishing How the World Works also have known Cockshott for decades I'm sure. >>Logic can only occur where matter is so configured as to perform logical operations, conjunctions, disjunctions negations etc. >I'm not sure I agree with this characterization. It is a weird one that IMO characterizes logic as a physical process It's just consistent materialism. >>The great danger is that young people’s minds will get stuck in a time warp, >In other words "Don't read philosophy, it will make you get stuck in a time warp" This is absurd. There are only so many hours in a day. Time spent reading Hegel is not time spent learning anything about the developments in the field of physics over the past 100 years.
>>4210 >There are only so many hours in a day. I don't disagree with that. If he said that Hegel wasn't necessary, or that there might be more fruitful reading for a leftist, I'd agree wholeheartedly, but he's not doing that here. He's saying that Hegel has nothing of value, and hence shouldn't be studied. >Don't be silly. Look up when TANS was written. True, I concede and agree.

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Infographics, Guides, etc Comrade 04/04/2020 (Sat) 00:24:56 No. 310 [Reply] [Last]
A thread for informative content of all types
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>>487 Reminder that the rail/train thread is on >>>/hobby/

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Can you help me debunk this wehraboo historian Anonymous 03/04/2020 (Wed) 23:08:29 No. 224 [Reply] [Last]
This guy Is called nigel askey, and is apparently a legitimate historian. He published a paper debunking TIK's claim that the K/D ratio of the soviets during WW was 1/1.6, instead claiming that the soviets lost over 4 more times as many combatants as the Germansduring WW2. Here is his paper. I'm not a qualified historian and I dont have access to acrhives or time to research, so I can't debunk him. http://www.operationbarbarossa.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Essay-alt-view-TIK-presentation.pdf I checked out his website and alsthough he does seem to be knowledgeable, he makes certain ridiculous claims that the "Vicors write history" in WW2, and the allies covered up how technologically and tactically inferior they were to the germans.
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>>224 Reposting: Pic translation: https://leftypics.booru.org/index.php?page=post&s=view&id=2432 Early in the war the Soviets understood that a precision built bolt action rifle with sights graduated to 1200 yards was an expensive option and one that required considerable time and resources to train huge numbers of troops on. The Mosin–Nagant of which they made 37,000,000 was a good weapon but one that only a small percentage of their infantrymen could use to its maximum potential and as with all bolt guns was cursed with a slow rate of fire and a limited magazine capacity. The soviets realized sooner than anyone else that 90% of infantry combat takes place at close range (<=200 meters) where full power cartridges like their 7.62mm X 54R were over powered and the bolt action rifles that fired such heavy hitters had a low rate of fire. Soviet doctrine demanded that in meeting engagements their troops should be able to establish direct fire superiority quickly and then maneuver under the cover of that high volume of fire. Of course the Germans wanted the same capability but were too slow to implement the changes required in time. The German Solution: Was to place light belt fed machine guns with high rates of fire such as the MG-34 with its ~900 round/min rate of fire with infantry platoons. Thus the German squad armed predominantly with bolt action rifles was centered around its base of fire the MG34. The Soviet Solution (s): •On one level the Soviets adopted the same solution with the 7.62mm X 54R DP-28 drum fed light machine gun acting as the base of fire and the rest of the unit armed with bolt action rifles. •Another Soviet solution was the creation of SMG battalions where the predominant weapon was the easy to manufacture PPSh-41 sub machine gun (1000 rounds/min) that was supported by DP-28 LMG and designated marksmen armed with either Mosin–Nagant bolt guns or SVT-40 semi automatic rifles. These units could send clouds of lead at German troops while in the attack at a dead run. Imagine 20 Germans with 1 MG-34, 4 MP-40s and 15 bolt action rifles facing 20 Soviets with 2 DP-28s, 6 SVT-40s and 12 PPSh-41s. The German unit is over matched with respect to the volume of fire it can deliver. And it take less time and effort to train a sub machine gunner than an effective rifleman. According to meticulous post-Soviet archival work (G. I. Krivosheev in Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses), the total number of men (and in the Soviet case, about 1mn women) who passed through the armed forces of the USSR was 34,476,700 and through Germany’s was 21,107,000. Of these, the “irrevocable losses” (the number of soldiers who were killed in military action, went MIA, became POWs and died of non-combat causes) was 11,285,057 for the USSR, 6,231,700 for Germany, 6,923,700 for Germany and its occupied territories, and 8,649,500 for all the Axis forces on the Eastern Front. Thus, the total ratio of Soviet to Nazi military losses was 1.3:1. Hardly the stuff of “Asiatic hordes” of Nazi and Russophobic imagination (that said, also contrary to popular opinion, Mongol armies were almost always a lot smaller than those of their enemies and they achieved victory through superior mobility and coordination, not numbers).

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>>2283 > why t why they went over to the Red Army
>>2283 I've read that 1.3:1 irreplaceable casualty ratio is also what US and British forces had fighting against Germany.
>>2451 Where did you see that?
Post some more Wehraboo arguments and get to debunking them!

Samurai thread Anonymous 05/02/2020 (Sat) 21:32:37 No. 2298 [Reply] [Last]
Was the Meiji restoration and "restoring power to the emperor" a good or bad thing in 18th century Japan for the peasants? It marked the upper class revolution that caused the samurai feudal system to transition into a capitalist system. (Which ultimately turned into a racist imperialist empire that tried to invade and oppress all of its neighbors in Asia in a sort of fascist system, and as Japan lost the war the people starved and suffered greatly.) I just found this photograph btw. Samurai didn't look nearly as impressive as I thought they would, and that hairdo is "objectively ugly." There were a lot of peasant revolutions/movements that tried to go against the samurai but they all ultimately failed so no one except historians talk about them. Unfortunately too, the people who study Japanese history appear to be mostly weebs who romanticize the samurai so much that you never get to hear about the peasents' movements.
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>>2448 Never
>>2449 >moved thanks Admin!
>>2448 It cannon die, or it will bring dishonor on our cow
>>2418 >yfw when Juchegang liberates Japan
>>3905 >Koreans liberating Japan Now that would be something to see

Translators Wanted! Traducteurs recherchés! Übersetzer gesucht! Anonymous 04/18/2020 (Sat) 10:17:17 No. 2534 [Reply] [Last]
If you know French or German, please contribute a chapter to /leftypol/'s first crowdsourced translation project! This project started on >>>/edu/840. The book is Karl Kautsky's history of the French Revolution, originally published as Die Klassengegensätze im Zeitalter der Französischen Revolution in 1889. Coming from the "Pope of Marxism", as Kautsky was then known, this text likely had an immense influence on Lenin and other revolutionaries of his day. It was approved by Engels himself, and may have been foundational in establishing the Marxist theory of bourgeois revolution, yet it has never been translated into English. The original German is available here: https://www.marxists.org/deutsch/archiv/kautsky/1908/frev/index.html and an old French translation is available here: https://www.marxists.org/francais/kautsky/works/1889/00/antagonismes-table.htm What makes this work especially good for us to translate is that it's relatively short - just around 60 pages in total, divided into 10 chapters. With each chapter being 5-7 pages each, it is conceivable to translate a chapter in one day's volunteer work. Comrade Akko has already translated the preface, and is working on chapter 1. That leaves 9 chapters to complete: Preface: Complete! Chapter 1: Second draft complete (French) Chapter 2: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English) Chapter 3: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed Chapter 4: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English) Chapter 5: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading complete (English) Chapter 6: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed Chapter 7: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed Chapter 8: Complete! (Copyrighted work, permission secured) Chapter 9: Draft complete (French) - Proofreading in progress (English) - Proofreader needed Chapter 10: Translator needed

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Edited last time by krates on 09/02/2020 (Wed) 05:03:12.
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does Chapter 3 need to be done? I'm not a fluent french speaker but I could probably translate it
>>2936 Oh snap, the project has come back to life! I'll finish proofreading your chapter by the end of tomorrow, I promise. TBH, I had gotten out out of the habit of checking this thread regularly at this point. >>2938 Chapter 3 is currently taken, although work has been put on hiatus for more than two months now. Chapter 10 is still available for translation. Alternatively, if you're not confident enough in your language you could do another pass of proofreading / sentence revision on the earlier chapters that I proofread. Chapters 6 and 7 need the most work.
>>2967 >Chapter 3 is currently taken, although work has been put on hiatus for more than two months now Yeah sorry, the whole lockdown and other covid related shenanigans have really hindered my ability to focus on such a task. I have done a few paragraphs today but at a snail pace. If for some reason I'm not done by the end of this month, someone else can take the mantle and I would of course share with them what I'd have already done.
I finished the first draft of chapter 3, took me long enough... Translation notes: - I started coverting livres in current Euros (in brackets) but I gave up early on, those can be erased or I can finish converting every values if need be. -"[...]la production marchande où avait sombré la majeure partie de la noblesse." that I translated as "[...]commodity production which had subsumed the major part of the nobility" seems to imply by the use of the verb "sombrer" (to sink), which figuratively is used in French to say that someone has become an alcoolic or criminial among other nefarious things, that the nobility had become, with the rise of capitalism, commodity production "junkies" I don't know if that is what Kautsky literally implies in German or if it's due to a liberal translation from the French translator, moreover I didn't know how to convey that in an elegant manner in english so I chosed a more "neutral" translation. - In note 4, I left "gouvernements généraux de province" (literally head governors of provinces)and the other State positions in French, I didn't find any scholarly english translation for what are unique official positions in the Pre-Revolution France, it would be like trying to translate Shogun or Daimyo. - "Countryside squires" (hobereaux de campagnes) is here used sarcastically to refer the old fashioned feudal lords mentionned previously, I added myself the quotation marks to make this clearer. - Glowiepedia translated "États Généraux" by "Estates General" so I went on with it. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estates_General_(France) - I took the liberty of adding note number 6, which is an infamous Voltaire quotation and a good exemple of what Kautsky pointed out in this paragraph. - It seems that "Gardes Françaises" is kept as is in English (see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%A9giment_des_Gardes_Fran%C3%A7aises).
This thread and the leftywiki thread need to work together more.

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Anonymous 06/02/2020 (Tue) 16:41:07 No. 3034 [Reply] [Last]
what do the german anons here think of the german democratic republic ?
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>>3373 NRW is probably more Slavic on average today than even actual native Sorb regions east of the Elbe thanks to over hundred years of cheap labour immigration from Poland and the Balkans to the Ruhrpott's coal mines and steel factories. Every other guy's name is Kowalkski or Blaczczewiskczokcz over there, so NRW should be dark blue as well if that "theory" would hold any merit. What's more, aside from the afore mentioned Sorb minority, which is really small, i'm afraid there's generally not much Slavic hurritage left from folks who used to live here about 1000 years ago. What's more, the dark blue region in the South East used to be deep deep red for over hundred years, it was actually one of the birth places and strongholds of the German labour/communist movement. I'm wondering why Saxony of all places turned so god damn reactionary during the last 15-20 years, it's so frustrating. 10-15 years ago Die LINKE (ex SED) was still the 2nd strongest party by far after the CDU in the Landtag and city councils.
>>3380 >in Nazi-esque concentrations camps While I'm pretty sure there were plans to retake control, this line alone indicates that wikipedia and its Western sources are likely bullshit
>>3382 Never heard of it, not even from the likes of Hubertus Knabe. It's complete and utter bullshit. When Honecker resigned the DDR was already over, because the "reformers" who succeeded him, fully supported Gorbachev's intention to cede the DDR to the BRD, which was according to a Honecker interview given in 1990, already on the table in Moscow in 1984. There was also an SPIEGEL interview with Krenz about the situation in late 1989 an he claimed that Mielke himself left the decision over what to do with the protests to Krenz, as Krenz himself decided to do fuck all.
>>3036 We need to spread this to more comrades, it's wonderful.

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